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RAMZAN SE MUTALLIQ 50 SAWALAT

Ramzaan
Al tawhid

Allah Ta’ala farmata hai:
Ramzan woh mahina hai jis mein
Qur’an nazil huwa, jo logon ke liye
hidayat hai aur jis mein hidayat ke liye
aur Haqq wa baatil mein farq karne
ke liye nishaniyan hain.
[Surah al-Baqarah (2); Ayat-185]

RAMZAN SE MUTALLIQ AHKAAM

Q.1 Ramzan ke Roze kyun Farz kiye gayein?

• Allah Taala ne farmaya:
Ai imaan walon tum par Roze farz kar diye gaye
waise hi jaise tum se pehle logon par farz kiye gaye
the, taki tum Taqwa ki raah ikhtiyar karo.
[Surah al-Baqarah (2); Ayat-183]

• Baizawee farmate hain:
Taki tum gunahon se bacho, kyunki Roze sahwaton ko
todta hai aur sahwat hi se gunahon ki shuruwat hoti hai,
jaisa ke Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمne farmaya: Jo Nikah na
kar sakta ho, woh Roze ka ihtemam kare, kyunki Roze us
ke liye (sahwaton ko) todne ka zariya hai.
[Tafseer ul-Baizawee= Anwar at-tanzeel wa israr at-taweel (1/123)]

Q.2 Imaan aur Ihtesab ke saath Roze aur Qiyam e Ramazan ke kya ma’ani hai?

• Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمne farmaya:
Jis ne Imaan ke saath aur Sawab ki niyat se Ramzan ke Roze rakhe us ke
pichhle saare Gunah muaaf kar diye jate hain.
[Bukhari: Al-Imaan 38, Muslim: Salatul Musafirin wa Kasriha 1268]
Rawi: Abu Hurairah Radhiallahu Anhu

• Jis ne Imaan ki bina par aur sawab ki garz se Ramzan ka Qiyam kiya us
ke pichhle gunah muaaf kar diye jate hain.
[Bukhari: al-Imaan 37, Muslim: Salatul Musafirin wa Kasriha 173-
(759)] Rawi Abu Hurairah Radhiallahu Anhu

• Hafiz Ibn Hajar farmate hain:
Imaanan se murad Roze par Allah ki taraf se kiye gaye wadah ko sach
mante huye Roze rakhna hai, aur Ihtesaban se murad us ajr ki talab
karte huye Roze rakhna hai na ki riya wagairah ki buniyad par.
[Fath ul-Bari: Tahat Hadees 2008]

Q.3 Kya Ramazan mein saare Jinn qaid kar diye jaate hain?

• Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمne farmaya:
Jab Ramzan ki pehli raat hoti hai toh Jinnon mein se sharkash shayateen
ko zanjeeron mein qaid kiya jata hai, Jahannum ke darwaze band kar
diya jata hai, (mahine bhar) us ka koi darwajah nahin khulta aur Jannat
ke darwaze khol diye jate hai (mahine bhar) us ka koi darwaza band nahi
kiya jata, ek nidaa lagane wala nidaa lagata hai: Ai khayr ke talab karne
wale, aage badh aur ai shar ka irada karne wale, ruk jaa, aur Allah kuchh
logon ko Jahannum se azad kar deta hai.
(Tirmizi, Ibn Majah, Ibn Hibban, Haakim, Bayhaqi)
Rawi: Abu Hurairah Radhiallahu Anhu
Saheeh ul-Jami’ 759

• Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمne farmaya:
Ai logon! Mujhe Shab e Qadr ki pehchan karayi gayi thi aur Main
tumhein batlane ke liye aa raha tha magar yahan do(2) shaksh ladh rahe
the aur un ke saath shaytan bhi tha lihaja woh Mujhe bhoola di gayi.

Q.4 Kya Ramazan se ek do din qabl Nafl Roze rakh sakte hain?

• Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمne farmaya:
Jab nisf e Shabaan ho jaye toh Ramazan aane tak Roze na rakho.
(Musnad Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Tirmizi, Nisa’i, Ibn Majah)
Rawi: Abu Hurairah Radhiallahu Anhu Saheeh ul-Jami’ 397

• Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمne farmaya:
Tum mein se koi shaksh Ramazan se ek ya do din qabl Roze rakhne ki
jaldi na kare, haan woh shaksh jis ka maa’mool ke mutabiq Roze aa jaye
toh woh us din ka Roze rakh sakta hai.
[Bukhari: as-Saum 1914; Muslim: as-Siyam 21-(1082)]
Rawi: Abu Hurairah Radhiallahu Anhu

HILAL SE MUTALLIQ AHKAAM

Q.5 Shabaan ki 29 tareekh ko badal ki wajah se Hilal na dikhayi de toh kya karein?

Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمne farmaya:
(Ramazan ka) chand dekh kar Roze rakho aur (Sawwal ka) chand dekh
kar iftaar (Roze rakhna band) karo aur agar aasmaan saaf na ho toh
Shabaan ke 30 din poore kar lo.
[Bukhari:as-Saum 1909; Muslim:as-Siyam 19-(1081)]
Rawi Abu Hurairah Radhiallahu Anhu

Q.6 Hilal dekh kar kya Duaa padhe?

Talha bin Ubaidullah Radhiallahu Anhu farmate hain:
Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلمjab Hilal (mahine ka pehla) chand dekhte toh yeh Duaa
padhte:
Allahumma Ahlilhu(1) alayna bilyumni walimaani was-salamati
walislaami Rabbi wa RabbukAllah.

Ai Allah! Is chand ko hum par barkat wa imaan aur salamati wa islam ke
saath namodar hone wala bana.
(Musnad Ahmad, Tirmizi, Haakim)
Saheeh ul-Jami’ 4726

Q.7 Ramzan ke Hilal ke liye kitne logon ki gawahi darkar hai?

• Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمne farmaya:
Chand dekh kar Roze rakhna shuru karo aur chand dekh kar hi Roze
rakhne se ruk jao aur apni ibadat (Hajj wagairah) ke auqaat chand ki
ruw’yat se hi muqarrar kar liya karo, agar chand tumhein nazar na aaye
toh poore 30 din ki ginti poori kar lo aur agar 2 Musalman gawahi de
diye toh in ki gawahi par Roze rakho aur 2 Musalman ki gawahi par hi
iftaar kar lo (yani Roze rakhna band kar do).
(Musnad Ahmad, Nisa’i)
Rawi: Chand Sahaba
Saheeh ul-Jami’ 3811

• Ibn Umar Radhiallahu Anhuma farmate hain:
Log chand dekhne ki kosish karne lage Maine Rasool-Allah ko batlaya
ke maine chand dekha hai. Is par Aap صلى الله عليه وسلمne Roza rakha aur logon ko
bhi Roza rakhne ka hukum diya.
(Abu Dawud, Darimi)
Sunan Abi Dawud Tahqeeq al-Albani 2342

Q.8 Jis ko din ke kisi hisse mein Hilal ki khabar mile woh kya kare?

Rubai’ bint Mu’awwij Radhiallahu Anha farmati hain:
Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلمne Ashura’ ki subah ansar ke muhallon mein yeh paigham
bheja, jo Roza se nahi hai woh baqiya din Roza rakhe aur jo Roza se hai
woh apni Roza poora kare, farmati hain: lihaja us ke baad hum yeh
(Ashura’ ka) Roza rakhte aur apne bachcahon se bhi Roza rakhwate.
Unke liye Unn(Wool) ke khilone banate, agar koi bachcha rota toh usey
woh gudya thama dete yahan tak ki iftaar ka waqt ho jata.
[Bukhari: as-Saum 1960; Muslim: as-Siyam 136-(1136)]
Alfaaz Bukhari ke hain.

Q.9 Kya dur daraj ke ilaqon mein Roza aur Laylatul Qadr mein farq ho sakta hai?

Kuraib Rahimahullah farmate hain:
Umm Fazl bint Haris ne unhein Mu’awiah Radhiallahu Anhu ke paas
Sham bheja. Farmate hain: main Sham aaya aur un ka diya huwa kaam
poora kiya, abhi main sham hi mein tha ki Ramzan ka chand nazar
aagaya, maine Jumu’ah ki raat chand dekha, phir mahine ki akhri dino
mein Madinah pahunch gaya. Abdullah ibn Abbas Radhiallahu Anhuma
ne dauran e guftagu chand ka jikr kiya aur mujh se poochha: tum ne
(sham mein) chand kab dekha? Maine kaha: hum ne Jumu’ah ki raat
chand dekha tha, unhone poochha: kya tum ne khud dekha tha? maine
kaha: haan, aur logon ne bhi dekha aur Roza rakha, aur Mu’awiah
Radhiallahu Anhu ne bhi Roza rakha. Us par unhone kaha: lekin hum ne
toh sanichar ki raat chand dekha tha, so hum barabar Roza rakhte chale
jayenge yahan tak ki 30 ki ginti poori kar lein ya chand dekh lein, maine
poochha: kya aapke liye Mu’awiah Radhiallahu Anhu ki riwayat aur un
ka Roza rakhna kaafi (daleel) nahi hai? aap ne jawab diya: nahi, RasoolAllah صلى الله عليه وسلمne humein aisa hi hukum diya hai.
[Muslim: as-Siyam 28-(1087)]

Q.10 Roze ki niyat kab karna chahiye?

• Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمne farmaya:
Jis ne Fazr (Subah sadiq) ke tuloo hone se pehle Roze ki niyat nahin ki
us Roza nahin.
(Musnad Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Tirmizi, Nasa’i)
Rawiah: Hafsa Radhiallahu Anha
Saheeh ul-Jami’ 6538

• Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمne farmaya:
Jo raat hi mein Roze ki niyat na karle us ka Roza nahin.
(Nasa’i) An Hafsa
Saheeh ul-Jami’ 6535

QIYAM E RAMZAN SE MUTALLIQ AHKAAM

Q. 11 Qiyam e Ramazan yani Taraweeh ki masnoon Rakaat kitni hai?

Salamah bin Abdur Rahman Radhiallahu Anhu farmate hain:
Maine Aishah Radhiallahu Anha se poochha: Ramazan mein Allah ke
Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمki Namaaz ki kya kaifiyat thi?
Aap ne farmaya: Aap Ramazan aur ghair Ramzan mein Egayrah(11)
Rakaat se jyada nahin padhte thein, Aap pehle char(4) Rakaat padhte, un
ke husn aur tuaalat ke mutalliq na puchhoo, phir char(4) Rakaat aur
padhte un ke husn aur tueel hone ke mutalliq na puchho, phir teen(3)
Rakaat padhte, Maine poocha: Ai Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلم !Aap witr
padhne se qabl so jate hain? Aap ne jawab diya: Ai Aishah! Meri
aankhein soti hai magar Mera dil nahin sota.
[Bukhari: Salat ut-Taraweeh 2013; Muslim: Salat ul-Musafireen wa
kasriha 125-(738)]

Q.12 Hazrat Umar Radhiallahu Anhu ne Qiyam e Ramazan ki kitni Rakaat ka hukum diya tha?

Saib ibn Yazid Radhiallahu Anhu farmate hain:
Umar Radhiallahu Anhu ne Ubayy bin Kabb Radhiallahu Anhu aur
Tameem ad-Daari Radhiallahu Anhu ko logon ko Egyarah(11) Rakaat
padhane ka hukum diya. Saib bin Yazid Radhiallahu Anhu farmate hain:
Ek ek Qari sau sau(100) aayatein tilawat karta tha, yahan tak ki hum
taweel Qiyam ki wajah se lathion(stick) ka sahara liya karte thein aur
humari Namaaz, Fazr ke bilkul qareeb khatm hoti thi.
[Al-Muwatta: Kitab an-Nidaya lis-Salah Baab Ma ja’aa fee Qiyam e
Ramazan]

Q.13 Kya Allah ke Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلمne ek raat mein Taraweeh aur Tahajjud alag alag padhi hain?

Nuaim bin Ziyad Abu Talha an-Namri Radhiallahu Anhu farmate hain:
Ki unhone Numan bin Bashir ko hams ke minbar par yeh kehte suna:
Hum ne Ramazan ki teyees’ween(23) raat Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمke saath
raat ke pehle ek tihai hisse tak Qiyam kiya, phir humne
pachchis’ween(25) raat Aap صلى الله عليه وسلمke saath adhi raat tak Qiyam kiya, phir
humare saath Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمne sattais’ween(27) raat Qiyam kiya
yahan tak ki humaein guman hone laga ki humein falah nahin milegi.
unhone kaha: hum sehri ko falah kehte the.
(Musnad Ahmad, Musannif ibn Abee Shaybah, Ibn Nasr fee Qiyam allayl, Nasa’i, Musnad Ahmad al-Faribee, Haakim, Ibn Khuzaima)
Alfaaz Ahmad ke hain.
Salat ut-Taraweeh Safa 10

Q.14 Kya ba Jamaat Qiyam e Ramazan Bidaat hai?

Abu Dharr Radhiallahu Anhu farmate hain:
Hum ne Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمke saath Roza rakha, Aap ne humein
Namaaz (Qiyam e Ramazan) nahi padhayi yahan tak ki Ramazan ki sirf
saat(7) raatein baki reh gayi thin (22 Roze ho chuke thein), phir us (23
ween) raat Aapne humein Namaaz padhayi aur itni taweeel Namaaz
padhayi ki raat ka ek tihayi hisse guzar gaya, phir chhati raat Aapne
humein Namaaz nahin padhayi, paanchween raat Aapne humari imamat
ki aur itni taweel padhayi ke adhi raat guzar gayi. Humne kaha: Ai allah
ke Rasool! Kyun na baqiah raat mein bhi Aap humein yeh Nafl Namaaz
padha den! Aapne farmaya: Jo imaam ke saath yeh Namaaz padhe hatta
ki imaam Namaaz poori kar le, us ke liye poori raat Qiyam ka sawab
likha jata hai. Phir Aapne humari imamat nahin ki haata ki Ramazan ki
teen raatein baqi reh gayi, phir teesre din ki raat mein Aapne humein
Namaaz padhayi jis mein Aapne apne Ahl aur apni biwiyon ko bhi
shamil kar liya, Aapne humein itni taweel Namaaz padhayi ki humein
Falah ki faut hone ka darr hone laga. Jubair bin Nufair farmate hain:
Maine un se (yani Abu Dharr Radhiallahu Anhu se) poochha: yeh Falah
kya hai? Unhone kaha: Shehri.
(Musnad Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Tirmizi, Nasa’i, Ibn Majah)
Qiyam e Ramazan Safa 14, Salat ut-Taraweeh Safa 15

Q.15 Kya teen raaton se jyadah Taraweeh Bidaat hai?

Hazrat Aishah Radhiallahu Anha farmati hain:
Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمne ek Masjid mein Namaaz ada ki toh log bhi Aap
ke saath Namaaz mein sharik ho gaye. Phir agle din bhi Aap ne Namaaz
padhi toh log mazeed badh gaye, phir log teesri ya chauthi raat ko bhi
jamaa huye toh Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلم)Namaaz ke liye) un ki taraf bahar
nahin nikle. Jab subah (yani Fajr) huyi toh Aapne farmaya: tumhare
(Masjid mein jamaa ho jane ke) amal ko Maine dekh liya tha lekin
Mujhe tumhari taraf nikalne se bas is cheez ne rok liya ke mujhe
andesha huwa kahin yeh Namaaz tum par Farz na kar di jaye.
(Sahabi kehte hain) yeh waqiah Ramazan mein pesh aaya tha.
[Bukahri: at-Tahajjud 1129; Muslim: Salat ul-Musafireen wa kasriha
177-(761)]

Q.16 Kya Auratein apas mein ba jamaat Taraweeh padh sakti hain?

Ibrahim Rahimahullah Aishah RadhiAllahu Anha se riwayat karte hain:
Hazrat Aishah RadhiAllahu Anha Ramazan mein auraton ki imamat kiya
karti thin aur Saf ke wast(middle) mein kadhi hoti thin.
[Al-Athar lil-Imaam Muhammad 215]

Q.17 Kya Qur’an teen(3) din se kam mein khatam karna achha hai?

• Hazrat Aishah RadhiAllahu Anha se riwayat hain, farmati hain:
Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمteen (3) din se kam mein Qur’an khatam nahin
karte thein.
(Ibn Sa’ad) An Aishah
Saheeh ul-Jami’ 4866

• Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمne farmaya:
Jo shaksh teen (3) din se kam mein Qur’an padh le woh Qur’an ko
gehrayi se nahin samjha.
(Abu Dawud, Tirmizi, Ibn Majah) Rawi: Ibn Umar
Saheeh ul-Jami’ 7743

Q.18 Sujood e Tilawat mein kya padhe?

Aishah RadhiAllahu Anha farmati hain:
Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمraat (ki namaaz) mein Qur’an ke Sajde mein yeh
Duaa manga karte:
(SAJADA WAJHIYA LILLAZI KHALAQAHU WA SHAQQA
SAM’AHU WA BASARAHU BIHAWLIHI WA QUWWATIHI)

Mere chehre ne Usey (Allah ko) sajda kiya jis ne banaya aur us mein
apne tasrif aur quwat se kan aur aankhein banayi.
(Abu Dawud, Tirmizi, Nasa’i)
Sunan Tirmizi Tahqeeqil Albani 580

Q.19 Witr ki Namaaz ka tareeqa kya hai?

Nafi’ Rahimahullah farmate hain:
Abdullah ibn Umar witr ki teen(3) rakaat mein do(2) rakaat par salam
pherte aur aap (in 2 rakaat aur 1 rakaat ke darmiyan) kabhi kisi kam ka
hukum bhi diya karte the.
[Bukhari: Ma ja’a fee witr 991]

Q.20 Qunoot e witr Rukoo se qabl hai ya baad mein?

Ubayy ibn Kabb RadhiAllahu Anhu farmate hain:
Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمteen(3) Rakaat witr padha karte jis mein pehli
rakaat mein {Sabbihi isma rabbika al-aAAla} aur doosri rakaat mein
{Qul ya ayyha alkafiroon} aur teesre rakaat mein {Qul huwa Allahu
Aahad} padha karte thein. Aap Rukoo se qabl qunoot karte aur jab salam
pherte toh farmate {Subhana al-malikil quddoos} (paaki hai us paak
Malik ki) aur teesri martaba {Subhana al-malikil quddoos} kehte huye
Apni aawaz ko taweel kar dete.
(Nasa’i) Nasa’i Tahqeeqil Albani 1699

Q.21 Kya witr ke baad Namaaz padhna jayez hai?

• Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمne farmaya:
Raat mein apni akhri Namaaz witr ko banalo.
[Bukhari: al-Witr 998; Muslim: Salat ul-Musafireen wa kasriha 151-
(751)]

• Umm Salamah RadhiAllahu Anha farmati hain:
Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلمwitr ke baad baith kar do(2) rakaat halki Namaaz padha karte
thein.
(Tirmizi, Ibn Majah) [Sunan Ibn Majah Tahqeeqil Albani 1195]
(Saheeh)

Q.22 Kya Taraweeh ke baad mazeed Qiyam ul-layl ki gunzaish hai?

Qays bin Talq Radhiallahu Anhu farmate hain:
Talq bin Ali Ramazan mein ek din humare paas aaye, aur humare hi
paas Saum ki aur iftaar kiya, phir usi raat humein Namaaz padhayi aur
witr bhi padhai. Phir apni Masjid mein gaye aur apne saathiyon ko
namaaz padhayi aur jab witr (padhani) baqi rahi toh ek shaksh ko aage
kar diya aur kaha: apne saathiyon ko witr padhao kyunki maine Allah ke
Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمse suna hai, Aap farmate thein: ek raat mein do (2) witr
nahin.
(Musnad Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, Tirmizi, al-ziy’aa)
Saheeh ul-Jami’ 7567

MUKALLIFEEN KE AHKAAM

Q.23 Kya bachchon par Roze Farz hai?

Allah ke Rasoolصلى الله عليه وسلمne farmaya:
Teen (3) logon se qalam utha liya gaya hai, Majnoon yahan tak ki us ka
junoon jata rahe, Sone wale yahan tak ki bedar ho jaye aur bachche
yahan tak ki baligh ho jaye.
(Musnad Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Haakim) Rawi: Ali wa Umar
Saheeh ul-Jami’ 3512

Q.24 Kya Haiz ki halat mein Aurat Roze rakh sakti hai?

Abu Saeed Radhiallahu Anha farmate hain:
Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلمne farmaya: Kya aisa nahin hai ki Aurat jab Haiz hoti hai toh
na Namaaz padhti hai aur na Roze rakhti hai?
[Bukhari: as-Saum 1951] An Abee Saeed
[Muslim: al-Imaan 132-(79)] An Abdullah bin Umar

Q.25 Musafir ke liye Roze rakhna behtar hai ya na rakhna?

• Allah Taala ne farmaya:
Agar tum mein se koi mareez ho ya safar mein ho toh utne din gin kar
baad mein Roze rakh le.
[Surah al-Baqarah (2); Ayat-184]

• Hamzah bin ‘Amr Al-Aslami Radhiallahu Anhu farmate hain:
Ki unhone kaha: Ai Allah ke Rasool! main apne andar halat e safar mein
Roze rakhne ki quwat pata hoon toh (agar main Safar mein Roze
rakhoon) toh kya mujh par gunah hai? Aap صلى الله عليه وسلمne farmaya: yeh Allah
ki taraf se rukhsat hai, jo isey le le uske liye behtar hai aur jo Roze
rakhna chahe toh us par koi gunah nahi.
[Muslim: as-Siyam 107-(1121)] An Hamzah
[Bukhari: as-Saum 1943; Muslim: as-Siyam 107-(1121)] An Aishah

• Bukhari ki riwayat mein yun hai:
Agar tum chaho toh Roze rakho aur chaho toh iftaar karo (yani chaho
toh Roze na rakho)
[Bukhari: as-Saum 1943] An Aishah

• Ek riwayat mein yun hai:
Tumhare liye jo bhi aasan ho karo.
(Tamam Fee Fawaid) An Hamzah bin ‘Amr Al-Aslami
As-Saheehah 2884

Q.26 Kya Musafir rawangi se pehle kuchh kha pi sakta hai?

Muhammad bin Kaab RadhiAllahu Anhu farmate hain:
Main Anas bin Malik RadhiAllahu Anhu ke paas mahe Ramazan mein
aaya woh safar mein ja rahe the, un ki sawari bhi taiyyar thi, unhone
safar ke kapde pehne, khana mangwaya aur khaya. maine poochha: kya
yeh sunnat hai? Unhone kaha: haan yeh sunnat hai, phir woh safar ke
liye sawar ho gaye.
(Tirmizi) Sunan Tirmizi Tahqeeq al-Albani 799

Q.27 Kya Musafir kisi ujr ke sabab Roze tod sakta hai?

Jabir RadhiAllahu Anhu farmate hain:
Fath e Makkah ke saal Allah ke Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلمRamazan ke mahine mein
Makkah rawana huye, jab Aap Kura’Al Ghameem pahunchhein toh
Aapne Roza rakha aur logon ne bhi Roza rakha. Phir Aap ko yeh baat
pahunchhi ki Roza rakhne se logon ko bahut takleef ho rahi hai toh Aap
ne Asr ke baad ek bartan mein paani mangwa kar sab ke saamne usey
piya, is par baaz logon ne apni Roza tod diya lekin baaz ab bhi Roza se
hi rahe, jab yeh baat Allah ke Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلمko pahunchhi ke baaz log ab
bhi Roza se hain toh Aap ne farmaya: yeh log nafarman hai.
(Muslim, Tirmizi, Nasa’i, Ibn Hibban, Ibn Khuzaima, Haakim)
Alfaaz Nasa’i ke hain.
Nasa’i Tahqeeqil Albani 2263
[Muslim: as-Siyam 90-(1114), 91-(1114)]

Q.28 Nihayat Umr raseeda shaksh ya dayemi marij ke Roze ka kya hukum hai?

Ata’ Rahimahullah farmate hain:
Maine Ibn Abbas RadhiAllahu Anhuma ko yun padhte suna:
{waAala allajeena yuteeqoonahu fidyatun taAamu miskeen}
(Aur woh log jinhein Roze rakhne mein shakt mushaqqat hoti hai woh
ek miskeen ko bataur fidya khana khilayein)
Ibn Abbas RadhiAllahu Anhuma farmate hain: yeh Ayat mansookh nahi
hai balki us Umr raseeda mard wa aurat ke baare mein hai jo Roze
rakhne ki istata’at nahi rakhte, yeh dono har din ke badle ek miskeen ko
khana khilayein.
[Bukhari: Tafseer ul-Qur’an 4505]

Q.29 Kya ek saath tamam Rozon ka fidya de sakte hain?

Anas bin Malik RadhiAllahu Anhu se riwayat hai ki:
Woh ek saal Roze rakhne se ma’joor ho gaye toh unhone ek bartan mein
Sarid banwaya aur tees (30) miskeeno ko dawat di aur unhein bhar pet
khila diya.
(Daraqutnee) [Irwa ul-Ghaleel Jild 4 Safa 21 tahat raqam 912]

Q.30 Mareej ke Roze ka kya hukum hai?

• Allah Taala ne farmaya:
Phir Jo koi tum mein se mareej ho ya safar par ho toh woh (apne in
chhoote huye Rozon ki) ginti (Ramazan ke baad) doosre dinon mein
poori karle, aur jin logon ko is mein (yani Roze mein) sadeed musaqqat
hoti ho toh un par ek miskeen ko khana (khilana) bataur fidya hai.
[Surah al-Baqarah (2); Ayat-184]

• Ibn Abbas RadhiAllahu Anhu Allah ke is farman {waAala allajeena
yuteeqoonahu fidyatun taAamu miskeen} ke mutalliq farmate hain:
{yuteeqoonahu} se muraad jo is se bahut takleef mahsoos karte hain,
(fidyatun taAamu miskeen): ek miskeen (ko khana bataur fidya)
(faman tatawwaAa khayran): ek se jayed miskeen ko khilana-yeh
mansookh nahin hai, (fahuwa khayrun lahu waan tasoomoo khayrun
lakum) [toh yeh us ke liye behtar hai, aur tum Roze rakho yeh tumhare
liye jyada achha hai] is mein rukhsat sirf us ko hai jo Roza rakhne ki
takleef bardast nahi kar sakta ya woh mareej jise marj se shifaa ki ameed
na ho.
(Nasa’i) Nasa’i Tahqeeqil Albani 2317

Q.31 Hamila aur Murzia ke liye agar Roze mein zarar ka andesha ho toh kya kare ?

• Ibn Abbas Radhi Allahu’Anhu farmate hai:
Agar Ramazan mein (Roze ki wajah se) hamila ko apne liye aur doodh
pilane wali aurat ko bachche par khatra mehsoos ho toh woh Roza na
rakhe aur har din ek miskeen ko khana khilaye, mazeed ye ke woh Roze
ki qaza bhi na kare.”
[Tafseer Al Tabari Al-Baqarah 184]
[Irwa’ ul-Ghaleel Jild 4 Safa 19 tahat raqam 912]
Iski sanad Muslim ki shart par Saheeh hai.

• Saeed bin Jubair se riwayat hai ke Ibn Abbas Radhi Allahu’Anhu ne apni
Umme Walada (bandi jis se aulaad ho) se kaha jo Hamila ya Murzia
(doodh pilane wali) thi: tum un logon mein se ho jo Roze ki quwat nahi
rakhti, tum par Roze ka badla (fidya) hai Qaza nahi.
(Daraqutni) [Irwa’ ul-Ghaleel (4/19)] (Isnaad Saheeh)

Q.32 Kya Rozon ki Qaza lagataar karna zaroori hai?

• Allah Taala ne farmaya:
“Aagar tum mein se koi mareej ho ya safar mein ho toh utne din gin kar
baad mein Roza rakhle.”
[Surah al-Baqarah 184]

• Ibn Abbas Radhi Allahu’Anhu farmate hai:
Allah ke is farman ke mutabiq (faAiddatun min ayyamin okhara)
rozon ki qaza lagataar karna zaroori nahi.
[Bukhari Taliqan: As-Saum: Baab mata yuqza qazayuh Ramazan?]

SHEHRI WA IFTAAR SE MUTALLIQ AHKAAM

Q.33 Sehri ka afzal waqt kaunsa hai?

Anas Radi Allahu’Anhu farmate hai:
Nabi Sallallahu Aalaihi Wasallam aur Zaid bin Sabit Radi Allahu’Anhu
ne sehri ki aur jab sehri se farig huye toh Nabi Sallallahu Aalaihi
wasallam Namaaz ke liye khade huye aur Namaaz padhi, Rawi kehte
hain: humne Anas Radi Allahu’Anhu se puchha: in dono ke sehri karne
aur Namaaz padne ke darmiyaan kitna waqfa tha ? Aap Radi
Allahu’Anhu ne farmaya: itna ke ek aadmi 50 aayatein padh le.
[Bukhari: Al Tahajjud 1134]

Q.34 Agar khate huye sehri ka waqt khatam hone ka ilm ho jaye toh kya kare?

Allah ke Rasool Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam ne farmaya:
Jab tum mein se koi Aazan sune aur (peene ka) bartan uske hath mein ho
toh us bartan ko rakh na de balki is se apni hajat ke mutabiq kha pee le.
[Musnad Ahmad, Haakim, Abu Dawood]
Rawi Abu Huraira
Saheeh ul-Jami’ 607, As-Saheehah 1394

Q.35 Iftar ka masnoon waqt kya hai?

Sahl bin Sa’ad Radi Allahu’Anhu farmate hain: Allah ke Rasool
Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam ne farmaya: Meri Ummat Mere tariqe par
baqi rahegi jab tak wo iftar ke liye sitaron ke tuloo ka intezaar na kare.
Nabi Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam jab Roze rakhte toh ek shaksh ko tiley
par bhej dete, jab woh kehta ke suraj guroob huwa toh Aap iftar kar lete.
[Haakim, Ibne Hibban, Ibn Khuzaima] As-Saheehah 2081
(Haakim) Rawi Sahl bin Sa’ad (Tabarani) Rawi Abu Ad-Darda
Saheeh ul-Jami’ 4772

Q.36 Kis cheez se Sehri aur Iftar karna Afzal hai?

• Allah ke Rasool Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam ne farmaya:
Chuwaron (Sukhi Khajooron) par ek Momin ki Sehri kitni achhi hai.
(Abu Dawood, Ibn Hibban) Rawi Abu Huraira
(As-Saheehah 562) (Saheeh)

• Anas bin Malik Radi Allahu’Anhu farmate hai:
Nabi Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam Namaaz se pehle Rutab (Gili
khajooron) par Iftar kiya karte thein agar Rutab khajoor na hotin toh
Tamr (Shookhi khajooron) par Iftar kar lete agar woh bhi na hotin toh
Pani ke chand ghoont pee lete.
(Musnad Ahmad, Abu Dawood, Tirmizi) Rawi Anas
Saheeh ul-Jami’ 4995

Q.37 Iftar ke waqt kya kehna chahiye?

• Ibn Umar Radi Allahu’Anhu farmate hai:
Rasool Allah Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam jab Iftar karte toh yeh Duaa
padte: Zahabaz Zam’ou Wab’tallatil Ouru’qu Wa Sabatal Ajru In
shaa Allah.
(Piyaas chali gayi, rage tar hogayi aur Aajr pakka ho gaya Insha’Allah)
(Abu Dawood, Haakim) Rawi Ibn Umar
Saheeh ul-Jami’ 4678

• Shamsul Haq Azimabadi farmate hai:
(Izaa Aftara) se muraad (Iftar ke baad) hai.
(Awn Al Mabood wa Hashiya Ibn Al Qayyim [6/345])

ROZE MEIN JAYEZ AUR NAJAYEZ KAAM

Q.38 Roze mein BHOOL kar kha pee lene ka kya hukum hai?

Allah ke Rasool Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam ne farmaya:
Jis ne BHOOL kar Roze ki Halat mein kuch kha pee liya toh woh apna
Roza poora kare kyun ki usey toh Allah ne khilaya pilaya hai.
[Bukhari: 6669; Muslim: As-Siyaam 171-(1155)] An Abee Huraira.

Q.39 Kya Ramazan ki Raton mein Biwi se Jima’ jayez hai?

• Allah Ta’ala ne farmaya:
Roze ki Raat mein apni biwiyon se milna tumhare liye halaal kiya gaya
hai. [Al-Baqarah 187]

• Ibn Kaseer Rahimahullah farmate hai:
(War’rafasu) se muraad yahan Jima’ hai. Yehi baat Ibn Abbas, Ata’,
Mujahid, Saeed bin Jubair, Tawoos, Salim bin Abdullah, ‘Amr bin
Dinaar, Hasan Basri, Qatadah, Zuhri, Zahak, Ibraheem Nakhayi, Sa’adi,
Ata’ Khurasani, aur Muqatil bin Sulaiman ne kahi hai.
[Tafseer Ibn Kaseer (1/375)]

Q.40 Kya mahaz zaiqaa chakh lene se Roza toot jata hai?

Ibn Abbas Radi Allahu’Anhu farmate hai:
Rozedaar agar handi se kuch chakh le toh koi harj nahi.
[Bukhari: Taliqan zikr kiya hai] [Ibn Abee Shaybah 9278]
[Mukhtasar Saheeh Bukhari: Aasar 361] [Irwa ul-Ghaleel Jild 4 safa 86]
Qala Albani: Wahaza sanad hasan fi mishl haza Al Matan

Q.41 Kya Rozedaar apna thook nigal sakta hai?

Qatadah Rahimahullah farmate hai:
Agar Rozedaar apna thook nigle toh koi harj nahi.
[Abdur Razzaq 7502 aur Imam Bukhari ne Kitaab As Saum Baab
Sawaik Ar-Ratab wal yabas mein isey taliqan riwayat kiya hai]

Q.42 Kya Qaee (Vomiting/ Oolti) karne se Roza toot ta hai?

• Allah ke Rasool Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam ne farmaya:
Jise Qaee aajaye is par Qaza nahi aur jo jaan boojh kar Qaee kare toh is
par Qaza hai.
(Abu Dawood, Tirmizi, Nasa’i, Ibn Majah, Haakim) Rawi Abu
Hurairah
Saheeh ul-Jami’ 6243 Alfaaz Tirmizi ke hai.

• Ibn Khuzaima ke alfaaz hai:
Agar Rozedaar khud Qaee kare toh iska Roza toot gaya aur aagar us par
Qaee galib aagayi toh iska Roza nahi toota.
[Saheeh Ibn Khuzaima 1960] (Isnaad Saheeh)

Q.43 Kya Roze ki halat mein Miswak kar sakte hai?

Ibn Umar Radi Allahu’Anhu farmate hai:
(Rozedaar) din ke awwal aur akhri hisse mein Miswak kar sakta hai
magar woh is ka thook na nigle.
[Imam Bukhari ne As Saum: Al igtesaal lis Siyaam mein taliqan zikr
kiya hai]

Q.44 Kya Roze ki halat mein Rahat ke liye naha sakte hai?

Abu Bakr bin Abdur Rahman kisi Sahabi se Riwayat karte hai: Unhone
kaha:
Maine Allah ke Rasool Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam ko Arj ke maqaam
par dekha Aap apne sar par piyaas ya garmi ki wajhe se pani daal rahe
thein.
(Abu dawood) [Abu Dawood Tahqeeq Albani 2365]
(Saheeh) yeh mukhtasar riwayat hai.

Q.45 Kya Rozedaar Tel aur Surma laga sakta hai?

• Ibn Masood Radi Allahu’Anhu farmate hai:
Jab tum mein se kisi ka Roze ka Din ho toh isey chahiye ke woh Subha
Tel lagaye aur Kangi kare.
[Imam Bukhari ne As Saum: Al agtesaal lis siyaam mein taliqatan zikr
kiya hai]

• Hazrat Aanas bin Malik Radi Allahu’Anhu se Riwayat hai:
Woh Roze ki halat mein Surma lagaya karte thein.
(Abu Dawood) [Saheeh Abu Dawood 2082] (Hasan mauqoof)

Q.46 Kya khoon dene se Roza toot ta hai?(1)

Abu Saeed Radi Allahu’anhu farmate hai:
Allah ke Rasool Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam ne Rozedaar ko Hijama
karwane ki ruksat di.
(Darqutni, Tabarani, Bayhaqi)
[Irwa Ul Ghaleel Jild 4 safa 75 raqam 931]

Q.47 Kya Junubi ke liye Roze ka waqt shuru hone se pehle Ghusl lazim hai?

Nabi Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam ki Biwiyan Hazrat Aisha aur Umm
Salma Radi Allahu’ Anhunna farmati hai:
Allah ke Rasool Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam Ahtelaam se nahi balki
Jima’ se Janabat ki halat mein Subha karte aur Aap Roza rakh lete.
[Bukhari: As Saum 1926; Muslim : As Siyaam 78-(1109)]

Q.48 Kya Biwi se bosa kinara karne se Roza toot ta hai?

Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin Aas Radi Allahu’anhu farmate hai:
Hum Allah ke Nabi Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam ki khidmat mein hazir
thein ke ek naujawan aaya aur kaha: Ai Allah ke Rasool, kya main Roze
ki halat mein (biwi ka) bosa le sakta hun? Aap ne farmaya: nahi. Itne
mein ek umr daraaz sahab aaye aur unhone puchha: Ai Allah ke Rasool,
kya main Roze ki halat mein (biwi ka) bosa le sakta hun? Aap ne
farmaya: haan!
Is par hum ek dusre ki taraf (tajjub se) dekhne lage. Allah ke Rasool
Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam ne farmaya: Mujhe maloom hai tum ek
dusre ko kyun dekh rahe ho. Baat ye hai ke buzrug shaksh apne upar
jyada qaboo rakhte hai.
[Musnad Ahmed, Abu Dawood]
Alfaaz Ahmed ke hai.
[As-Saheeh 1606] (Hasan saheeh)

AAKHRI ASHRAH WA AITEKAAF SE MUTALLIQ AHKAAM

Q.49 Lailatul Qadr mein kya Duaa karna chahiye?

Hazrat Aisha Radi Allahu’Anha farmati hai:
Maine puchha: Ai Allah ke Rasool, agar mujhe ye maloom ho jaye ke
kaun se raat Lailatul Qadr hai toh main us raat mein kya kahun?
Allah ke Rasool Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam ne farmaya:
Yeh kaho:
{Allahumma Innaka ‘Afuwun Tuhibbul-‘Afwa Fa’fu ‘Anni}
Ai Allah Tu bada maaf karne wala hai, maaf karne ko pasand karta hai,
bas mujhe maaf karde.
(Tirmizi, Ibn Majah, Haakim) An Aisha
Saheeh ul-Jami’ 4423, Tirmizi Tahqeeq Albani 3513

Q.50 Kitne dino ka Aitekaaf Sunnat hai? (1)

• Abdullah bin Umar Radi Allahu’anhu farmate hai:
Allah ke Rasool Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam Ramazan ke akhri Ashre ka
Aitekaaf kiya karte thein.
[Bukhari : Al Aitekaaf 2025; Muslim : Al Aitekaaf 1 – (1171)]

• Abu Huraira Radi Allahu’anhu se Riwayat hai ke Allah ke Nabi
Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam har Ramazan mein 10 din ka Aitekaaf kiya
karte thein, lekin jis saal Aap ki wafaat huyi us saal Aap ne 20 din ka
Aitekaaf kiya.
[Bukhari: Al Aitekaaf 2044]

• Hazrat Anas Radi Allahu’anhu farmate hai:
Allah ke Nabi Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam jab muqeem hote Ramazan
ke Akhri 10 dino ka Aitekaaf karte aur agar Aap (Ramazan mein) Safar
karte (aur Aitekaaf na kar paate) toh agle saal 20 din ke Aitekaaf Karte.
(Musnad Ahmed) An Anas
Saheeh ul-Jami’ 4775

SADAQATUL-FITR SE MUTALLIQ AHKAAM

Q.51 Zakaat ul Fitr kis par Farz hai?

Abdullah bin Umar Radi Allahu’Anhu farmate hai:
Allah ke Rasool Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam ne Ramazan mein Zakaatul-Fitr ko har musalmaan chahe woh azad ho ya gulam, mard ho ya
aurat, chota ho ya bada sab par Farz kiya hai.
[Bukhari: Az-Zakaat 1503; Muslim: Az-Zakaat 16-(984)]
Alfaaz Muslim ke hai.

Q.52 Zakaat ul Fitr kab dena chahiye?

• Abdullah bin Umar Radi Allahu’anhu farmate hai:
Rasool Allah Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam ne logon ko (Eid ki) namaz ke
liye jaane se qabl Zakaat-ul-Fitr dene ka hukum diya.
[Bukhari: Az-Zakaat 1509; Muslim: Az-Zakaat 22-(986)]
Alfaaz Muslim ke hai.

• Nafi’ se Riwayat hai Ibn Umar Radi Allahu’Anhu Zakaat-ul-Fitr us
shaksh ko dete jo usey qubool karta tha aur log Zakaat-ul-Fitr ek ya do
din pehle hi de diya karte the.
[Bukhari: Az-Zakaat 1511]

Q.53 Sadqa Fitr mein Anaaj dena chahiye ya Raqam?

Allah ke Rasool Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam ne farmaya:
Ta’am (yani anaaj) se ek Sa’aa Sadqa Fitr diya karo.
(Hilyatul Awliya, Bayhaqi) Rawi Ibn Abbas.
Saheeh ul-Jami’ 242

Q.54 Kya Namaz e Eid ke baad Sadqa Fitr dene se woh aada hojata hai?

Allah ke Rasool Sallallahu Aalaihi wasallam ne farmaya:
Zakaat-ul-Fitr Rozedaar ko Laghw (be faida) aur behayayi (ke gunah) se
paak karne aur miskeeno ka pet bharne ke liye muqarrar kiya gaya hai,
jisne isey namaz se pehle aada kiya toh wo maqbool sadqa hai aur jisne
isey namaz ke baad aada kiya toh ek aam sadqa hai.
(Darqutni, Bayhaqi) An Ibn Abbas.
Saheeh ul-Jami’ 3570